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She's a Brick...House: An analysis of meaning and memorialization of two monuments of Black women in the United States regarding nation and race


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Amanda Hussein (United States of America)
Washington State University (United States of America) 7523
Amanda is currently an American Studies PhD student and a Teaching Assistant in the Spanish program for the School of Languages, Cultures, and Race at Washington State University. She was the AEGS Graduate Representative from 2019 – 2021. Amanda holds a Master of Arts in Hispanic Studies from Washington State University, 2018, where she was the Graduate Representative and a Teaching Assistant in Spanish. Amanda was also the 2017-2018 Outstanding Graduate Student in Humanities and Outstanding Graduate Student for the Department of Foreign Languages and Cultures. She graduated from the University of Idaho with a Bachelor of Arts in Foreign Languages in 2010 and then completed her 6-12 Teaching Certificates in both French and Spanish from Lewis Clark State College in 2011.
Scientific production

GKA VISUAL 2022:     8th International Conference on Visual Culture

Memorialization monument Black women Patrick Hutton Toni Morrison nation race Collective memory


Within the last decade or so, the United States has begun to commemorate and memorialize through monuments the contributions of Black women. In contrast, historically and generally most all of the US monuments, including commemorative memorials of wars and fallen soldiers, feature prominent white, male figures. Examples include George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, selected Civil War generals, plus major Civil Rights activists like MLK Jr. In most all these cases, the subjects of collective memory and memorialization are white men, with a few exceptions. Since the advent of the MeToo movement and Black Lives Matter, advocates are calling for greater inclusion of minority women and their contributions. A case in point is the scarcity of memorials featuring minority black women. Memorials and monuments are rich historical and political evidence of how a society favors specific ethic groups. The more monuments, the more valued is that ethnic group, the less monuments, the less valued. Therefore, as monuments of a minority group begin to grow, we can learn much about race, politics, and ethnic value of this group. For this reason, an analysis of two monuments of Black women should provide an important and crucial discussion of the collective US formation of race and national perspective. In this paper, I will analyze the meaning and memorialization behind two monuments of Black women in the United States in connection to the parameters of nation and race.