Introduction: Burnout is one of the factors reducing productivity of faculty members. Due to the multiplicity of tasks and hard work in the faculty of dentistry, this issue is very important. Resilience is one of the coping strategies with burnout. There are little information about the state of burnout and the coping strategies with that. This research evaluates relationship between resiliency and burnout among faculty members of school of dentistry. Methodology: In This descriptive-correlation and applied study, 81 people were selected among dentist faculty members in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences by Simple random sampling and data was obtained using the Standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory for university professors and two researcher made resiliency and demographic questionnaires. The validity was estimated through specialist advice and in order to calculate its reliability the Cronbach alpha coefficient was measured. Statistical tests such as t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation were applied to analyze. P-value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: In emotional exhaustion, 65/4% of the participants were showed low level, in the lack of personal accomplishment 98/8% and in depersonalization 64/2% have high level. %97.5 have high resiliency and %2.5 low resiliency. There was a direct correlation between resiliency and academic burnout in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There was a revers correlation between among resiliency and academic burnout in the lack of personal accomplishment. The increased resilience leads the person feel lower emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and that experience personal accomplishment and successful. Conclusion: The results showed that resilience is one of the predictors of academic burnout. The resilience promotion skills training, including self-care methods in mental, physical, spiritual, professional and communication, through workshops, conferences, scientific-mental support and specialization and professional empowerment of professors, is essential.
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