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This paper attempts to explore an ecological understanding of the loss of language in a multilingual country especially like India. India is abundantly blessed with linguistic diversity. Tribal, minorities’, and non-schedule languages can significantly contribute to the development of linguistic diversity of this country. Linguistic pluralities and ideologies intrinsically exist in various forms of sociolinguistic narratives of our societies. These narratives happen to be the primary representations of subaltern groups and also marginalized communities of this country. In this paper, we point out linguistic diversities and ideologies in ‘commonsense’ beliefs, political and sociocultural orientations. However, there is a cultural and linguistic loss that always takes place in the process of linguistic globalization and imperialism.   During colonialism, several language planning and policies emerged, and all of them could be considered against Indian expectations and experiences. Current debates upon various aspects of language endangerment across India and elsewhere are directly connected to language politics. Language politics predominantly goes hand in hand with the elite classes and castes of this country. These particular class and caste groups do not own a specific language throughout their generations. Further, no particular language is part of their sociolinguistic identity across intergeneration. As and when a language emerges as a dominant one, it becomes the language of these elite classes and caste groups. In the contexts of Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic and English languages, this perception can be realized. Historical evidences substantiate the way in which linguistic manipulations have taken place. Thus, this paper assesses many different aspects of linguistic globalization that are an exemplary case of issues and controversies surrounding linguistic globalization and particularly language politics in India.

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Mallikarjun Meti (India) 13928
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