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In the theoretical debate on the subject of theories of justice, one can map a theoretical current dichotomy between formal universality versus substantial localism; abstract equality versus individual identities; neokantian universalism versus Aristotelian-Hegelian communitarianism. They reflect the main political- philosophical theories, whose contributions privilege, on the one hand, formal proceduralism, regulative normative ideal, instrumental and impartial rationality, neutralization the political, and on the other hand, historical particularism, specific cultural context, practical rationality, substantialization of political identities. An immediate outcome of this binary theoretical position grounds the relationship between individual-society on a conception of society that on the one hand, is committed to unamenable equality, whose counterfactual perspective includes all but effectively promotes selective protection, in a way maintaining the socio-economic vulnerabilities; or on the other hand, relays on a notion of society that meanwhile defining their subjects establishes and fixes their identities. Nevertheless, a substantial and emblematic number of subjects of social and political invisibility remains suspended under the abstract normative, under the ontological vocabulary of an autonomous will, or even under the specific cultural classification of belonging. This article aims to reach another dimension in this phenomenological grammar of social injustice, which leads to the connection between subjectivity, factual experience of injustice and political action. Beyond biopolitical capture, the concrete experiences of injustice, can also operate a process of political empowerment of the subjects of social injustice. The central question of the article is precisely to emphasize that, in concrete experiences of socioeconomic injustice, it can also take place a movement of political subjectivation able not only to oppose sociopolitical invisibility, but also to operate simultaneously a process that gathers the empowerment of the subject as well as promoting political action. The approach on the process of political subjectivation through concrete political experiences crosses over the issue of gender. Gender identity properties are challenged by concrete experiences of exclusion and mobilization of political action. In the process of gender political subjectivation, identity is conditioned to the political experience of the subject. This performance prints a dynamic on gender identity stamping meaning, reframing or even breaking certain identity attributes.

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Bethania Assy (Brazil) 13667
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