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Nature culture and landscape have always shared a close relationship as evidenced in the works of poets and writers down the ages in almost all cultures. Literary interdependencies that ground the author, character or work in the natural system is the framework of ecocriticism which while keeping the focus on social relations views the individual as part of the ecosystem and prominently integrates this relationship into the discourse. The framework of critical enquiry into a literary text includes – society and its institutions, time, place, geography and lived experiences of the individual within it, because this intimate relationship shapes the personal identity of the protagonist. The paper uses the ecocriticism lens to study the works of Anita Desai, the foremost writer of Indian-English fiction, especially the novel Where Shall We Go This Summer? Writing in an industrial, cosmopolitan, post-colonial world, Desai speaks for women and nature within the male hegemonic world of exploitation. Struggling for survival, craving for self-identity the women in her novels turn to nature for refuge reestablishing and reaffirming forgotten age old connections to find their path. Sita, the protagonist, in the novel suffers from loneliness and alienation in a ‘violent city.’ Named after the mythological Indian goddess – the modern Sita’s quest for identity and self-assertion takes her on a holy pilgrimage from the mainland Bombay to Manori, an island and its unrestricted paradigms of the natural landscape. Cultural geography, as an ecocritical concept, is used for interpreting works of art and is defined as human geography which while studying various cultural aspects also deals with how culture relates to different spaces and places. Language of a people, their religion, economic status, class, gender, region, art, music etc. offers insights into why people behave differently in different environments that they inhabit.

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Nishi Pandey 3077
Scientific production

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