In recent years, according to understand and evaluate complex processes of interaction between man and environment in the field of ancient studies, anthropology, has many fans. Interpretation of past human behavior in terms of its dependence on the natural environment and ecological components, this type of thought is the center of attention. The idea, Landscape considered as a living organism that among all components of the natural and cultural systems, interaction is Organic. Physical and natural landscape elements, including all the geographical, ecological and cultural environment and landscape the concrete manifestation of human mental experience in dealing with the physical environment. Sistan area of historical and cultural richness that has been established during the archaeological survey area, suitable for this type of archaeological research has created and writers are to some extent to achieve this recognition. During the archaeological survey Sistan plain, from the Achaemenid period, the only area index remains of that era, in the north of Sistan is Dahaneh-Gholaman And over 100 area attributed to the Achaemenid During the study, discovery and has been recorded in the southern plains of Sistan. But the important geopolitical and strategic Sistan Achaemenid era witnessed very low density area than in other periods of history in this period and one of the main objectives of this research are to find a logical answer to the question of the use of geographic information systems (GIS) and monitoring of cultural data is statistically. This approach also fully understand the relationship between different elements of spatial, temporal, ecological and recognition that different substrates to create interaction between man and the environment will provide help.
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