The advent of digital technologies raises significant challenges for national governments and media regulatory authorities concerning the control of informational capital. Relatively little systematic work has been done to investigate the policy implications of regulating the audiovisual media industry in the age of digital convergence. Several questions remain unanswered. What is the impact of digital technologies and convergence on media independence, pluralism and freedom of speech? What are the challenges for traditional models of media governance? What modes of governance can facilitate a European approach to media freedom and pluralism in the digital environment? Against this backdrop, this cross-country comparative analysis has a critical concern with investigating the impact of digitalisation on the traditional modes of media governance across Europe. Emphasis is placed on the key regulatory and policy challenges in the age of convergence, the reconfiguration of institutional dynamics and regulatory instruments as a consequence of the emergence of new international developments. Specifically, the purpose of this work is twofold. Firstly, it aims to examine the theoretical and policy debates surrounding the digitalisation of the European media sector, and to identify the recent changes both at national and the European level. Secondly, it aims to formulate a set of policy recommendations for safeguarding independence, freedom of expression and pluralism.
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