In Heidegger’s critique of technology, the role of his otherwise avowedly anti-humanist tendencies remains questionable; indeed, it is often by invoking quasi-humanistic arguments that Heidegger formulates his anti-essentialist critique of modern technology. On the other hand, anti-humanism surfaces in his charged descriptions of humans as tools for Being, mere followers who should be led by the understanding of Being, steeled against the diverting seductions of presence-at-hands. Heidegger accuses humanism of paradoxically endangering human existence, insisting that the difference in the interpretation of human nature and freedom obstructs the understanding of Being needed to truly become beings-in-the-world. This reading suggests that what forced Heidegger to utilise both sides of the humanist coin is his view that the instrumentalization involved in seeing nature as disposable causes humans to instrumentalize themselves too. By deploying both anti-humanist and humanist arguments, Heidegger uncomfortably tries to distinguish between humans and other things, showing that only humans can understand the essence of technology to an extent that they would be able to incorporate this essential understanding in their question of Being, and so produce a relationship in which humans would prove impervious to technological domination.
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