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When one year ago I was writing my Master's Thesis dedicated to female images in a modern European cinema, I faced a problem of a lack of comprehensible and applicable methods of qualitative analysis of visual images. Trying to make a logical and a reproducible study, I created my own quality matrix, which was tested during the investigation and showed representative and adequate results. The matrix was constructed taking into account the methods of an art historian Erwin Panofsky, a feminist film theorist Laura Mulvey, a professor of University of Barcelona Assumpta Camps, etc. It contains the 8 categories of female images most common for modern cinema (4 of them came from history, other 4 were created by the art), which can mix with each other. To make the matrix really simple, useful and understandable for people from all over the world, the names of goddesses and protagonists of Greco-Roman mythology (as the most universal) were given to every category: Aphrodite (woman-muse), Pandora (“la femme fatale”), Athena (independent woman), Hestia (traditional woman), Eurydice (romantic companion of the protagonist), Andromeda (lady in danger), Demeter (single or divorced woman) and Daphne (woman as an object). The matrix was tested by applying it to characters of Monica Bellucci in three independent European films: “Dobermann” de Jan Kounen, “Malena” de Giuseppe Tornatore y “Irreversible” de Gaspar Noé. This method helped to unite the results of study, to compare them on a same level and to systemize them. The investigation showed that, depending on a rate of evolution of a heroine, her image can be constructed with several or even all categories of matrix. This matrix can be recommended as a method of a qualitative analysis.

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Daria Bikulova 966
Scientific production

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