This paper layers a ‘composite portrait’ of the British-born/Mexican Surrealist Leonora Carrington via studying the under-researched photographic, cinematic and televisual mediations of the artist. Its specific objective is to analyse the visual construction of Carrington’s artistic identity, both in terms of historical narratives, as well as representational praxis. Young, rebellious and alluring, Leonora Carrington persists in our collective imagination through Lee Miller’s 1930s spontaneous and private portraits of Surrealist friends. During her Mexican years Carrington reappears as an aesthetic subject in Kati Horna’s photographic series Ode to Necrophilia (1962) published in the Mexican avant-garde journal S.NOB. The magazine’s Iconographia Snobarium issue also featured an oval photomontage portrait of Leonora Carrington with a collaged snobbish masculine visage – a creative prank on Carrington’s own upper-class background (that she rejected in order to evolve artistically). Leonora’s mediated aesthetic identities multiply through the film medium with cameo roles in two New Mexican Cinema productions – En este pueblo no hay ladrones (Alberto Isaac, 1964) and Un alma pura (Juan Ibañez, 1965) based upon homonymous short stories by Magic Realists Gabriel García Márquez and Carlos Fuentes. Later, Carrington reappears on screen in a range of TV documentaries, such as Imaginación a galope fino (Canal 22, 2006) and The Lost Surrealist (Teresa Griffiths, BBC, 2017) that represent the artist’s iconic image in Mexico (where she spent her last 60 years) and the recent (re)discovery of Carrington in her native Britain. Thus, the analysis explores the media constructions of Leonora Carrington’s artistic identity and the historical narratives that render Carrington as a visible and invisible trailblazer on each side of the Atlantic. By tracing multiple creative partnerships and artistic collaborations, this paper also attempts to reflect on the internationalization of the Surrealist movement within a network of cross-cultural encounters and shared imaginaries.
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