Heritage is an historic part of the historic environment; it has a clear and relatively natural relationship with the concept of inheritance. In simple terms heritage is that which is inherited from the past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. Madhubani folk art as a Cultural heritage embodies aspects like historical, aesthetic, cultural, conceptual and gender-specific artistic skill. This paper seeks to explore Madhubani folk art as a cultural heritage. The gender roles and significance of the visual elements aesthetically represented in kohbar painting is mastered and handed down from one generation to another which captures the ideas and creativity of generations. kohbar painting is an integral part of Madhubani painting, painted on the wall of the nuptial chamber or the kohabaraghar. The custom of kohbar is an essential part of marriage rituals, practiced in North India by the womenfolk who master this art through communal activity and cultural traditions. Centuries of rituals have shaped the artistic vocabulary of these unusual wall paintings that symbolizes artistic heritage, harmony, longevity and cultural tradition. The wall painting of the kohabaraghar is designed to promote peaceful co-existence, fertility and prosperity. An attempt has also been made in this paper to highlight the socio-cultural significance of this traditional practice. Folk cultures are often the most effective representation of popular culture which has been preserved through ages as treasured heritage. This folk art has a history, a cultural background which is gender-specific and distinct in identity. It is one of the earliest matrilineal painting traditions in the world. It is thought-provoking to note that the perceptions pertaining to marriage is clearly visible through the contents depicted in the kohbar painting.
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