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Abstract Urban areas are rapidly developed to accommodate the demand for residential, commercial and institutional purposes. These circumstances initiate to clear most of vegetated areas in the city. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of transformation in Urban setting on the surface temperature distribution in Anyigba. Specific objectives are to generate land use/land cover maps of four decades, to generate the land surface temperature maps and to investigate the impact of land use changes on the surface temperature distribution of the study area. Remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) techniques are used to detect the land use changes and its impact on the land surface temperature (LST). Land use maps of four decades are derived from Landsat images of 1990, 2000, 2013 and 2019. Results obtained shown that the LST of different land use differ significantly and increment in population which has resulted to urbanization, the built up areas structure increased from 16.85% in 1990 to 59.79% in year 2019. The magnitude of change of vegetation loss in the study area between 1990 to 2019 was calculated to be 45.41%, while the magnitude for vacant land loss due to land reclamation was 16.0002%, indicating a negative rate of growth which signifies a decrease in area covered by vegetation. This study demonstrates that rapid urban growth significantly decreases the vegetated areas, hence increased the surface temperature and modified the urban microclimate

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Ahmed Abdullateef (Nigeria) 7725
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