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According  to  the  UN  Refugee  Agency  (UNHCR),  Morocco  began  receiving  more  immigrants after  the  Syrian  civil  war  began  in  2014.  Now,  almost  8,000  refugees  are  living  in  Morocco, mostly  from  Syria,  Yemen,  Cameroon,  Ivory  Coast,  and  other  Sub-Saharan  African  countries. Additionally,  the  International  Organization  for  Migration  (IOM)  estimates  there  are  almost 100,000  migrants  living  in  Morocco. The  country  struggles  to  provide  good  opportunities  for  those  who  find  themselves  in  Morocco. The  World  Bank  estimates  unemployment  to  be  around  10  percent,  and  jobs  in  urban  areas  are especially  hard  to  find.  Additionally,  both  refugees  and  social  workers  say  the  language  barrier and  religious  and  racial  discrimination  can  make  it  difficult  to  integrate. For  many  people  who  have  traveled  hundreds  or  thousands  of  miles  looking  for  opportunity, then,  Morocco  is  not  the  promise  land  they  imagined. The  term  migrant  can  refer  to  anyone  who  enters  another  country,  but  people  have  to  go through  an  official  process  to  be  declared  a  refugee.  They  must  submit  a  claim  to  the government  and  prove  they  are  fleeing  their  home  country  due  to  fear  of  war,  violence,  or persecution. The  question  that  frames  this  paper  is  how  public  policies  helpe  refuge  to  integrate  in  Moroccan society?and  what  is  the  role  of  civil  society  in  crisis  management  for  refugees. The  paper  invokes  qualitative  method  (based  on  interview    and  observatory's participation).parallel  with  this,this  paper  relies  on  the  method  of  "case  study"  ,region  of rabat(capital  of  Morocco)  and  meknes  in  center  of  Morocco)"Between the desert and the sea:the plight of refugees in Morocco "march19.2019/pulitzer center by megan pierceMigration and its role in Morocco 's political agenda/habibulah Mohamed lamin/homepage:in depth/date of 22 november 2018publicatio2020 planing summary 29/11/2019 the un refugee agency20

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fouzia hani (Morocco) 8032
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