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The most prominent representative of the Old Comedy, Aristophanes, took the mission of reflecting and more importantly attacking what he thought as evils of his time through his plays. The events of the day; assumed evils in cultural and political life, most importantly in the intellectual sphere of life which is believed to affect profoundly the mind of the people who are the essential ingredients of the society, have been the main concern of him, as any other author who wants to have an impact in shaping the society. Thus, in the fifth century democratic Athens, Aristophanes, in the form of comedy which is thought to be concerned with real life and real people, and “the real state affairs” (Chapman 64) projected his “contemporary social and political environment.” (Chapman 64) Furthermore, as a conservative (claimed by many scholars), Aristophanes thought of the theatre to aim a moral lesson through which the citizens of Athens will enlighten, and that of theatre’s main concern has to “give good political advice” (Gomme 97); thus, he attacked mainly “newer intellectual movements and democratic politics.” (Gomme 98) for their destructive influences upon the society. Correspondingly, as “a source of mass entertainment” (Walcot 38) the theatre becomes a weapon for his social and political propaganda against the new philosophical approaches and also against “the popular democracy” (Allan and Storey 173), which is suggesting David Grene’s claim that “first and foremost the Attic Comedian is a propagandist and only secondly a playright.” (88)

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Metin Bosnak (Turkey) 8262
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